What is Medical Gas Pipeline Equipment

Components of a Medical Gas Pipeline System

Purchasing a medical gas pipeline system is a significant decision that affects the quality of patient care, the safety of healthcare environments, and the operational efficiency of healthcare facilities. Here are some key considerations when buying medical gas pipeline systems and components:

What Is Medical Gas Pipeline Equipment

The major components of a medical gas pipeline system include:

How does a Medical Gas Pipeline System Work

The working of a medical gas pipeline system can be summarized as follows:


The gas is first sourced from a bulk supply, individual gas cylinders, or an air compressor for medical air. It is then controlled and regulated to ensure the proper pressure and flow. This gas then travels through the pipeline distribution network to reach various parts of the hospital.


At each point of use, the gas is accessed via specific outlets designed for each type. This system allows for the safe and effective delivery of medical gases throughout a healthcare facility, ensuring patients receive the care they need.


Maintenance and regular checks of these systems are critical to ensure the safety and well-being of patients, and healthcare providers must be trained on their use to maximize their benefits and prevent any potential hazards. This pipeline system reduces the need for individual gas cylinders in patient areas, enhancing safety and improving the efficiency of healthcare services.

The Different Types of Medical Gas Pipeline Equipment and Their Uses

Medical gas pipeline equipment comprises various devices and components, each with a specific role in delivering and regulating medical gases in a healthcare facility. Here are the key types of medical gas pipeline equipment and their uses:

1. Gas Sources:

  • Cylinders or Gas Banks: Large storage units for gases like oxygen, nitrous oxide, and nitrogen. They are the primary source of gas supply in most medical facilities.
  • Medical Air Compressors: These compress atmospheric air to deliver medical-grade air used for patient ventilation and powering pneumatic tools.

2. Control Systems:

  • Pressure Regulators: These control the pressure of the gas being distributed to ensure the correct amount is delivered.
  • Manifolds are control systems that automatically switch the gas supply from a primary source to a secondary (reserve) source when the primary source becomes depleted.

3. Alarm Systems:

  • They provide visual and audible alerts if there’s a drop in gas pressure, a gas supply failure, or other system faults. They help ensure patient safety by alerting healthcare providers to potential issues in the gas supply.

4. Pipeline Distribution Network:

  • These copper pipes carry medical gases from the sources to the various points of use. Each type of gas has its dedicated pipeline to prevent cross-contamination.

5. Gas Outlets or Terminal Units:

  • These are the points where the gas is accessed for use. Outlets are designed with specific configurations to prevent the connection of the wrong gas to a given device, ensuring patient safety.

6. Area Valve Service Units (AVSUs):

  • These are installed in each department for emergency isolation of the gas supply. They allow for the quick shutdown of gas supply to a specific area in an emergency like a fire.

7. Medical Vacuum Systems:

  • These provide suction for procedures and anesthesia, remove surgical smoke, and for wound drainage.

8. Waste Anesthetic Gas Disposal (WAGD) Systems:

  • These systems remove exhaled anesthetic gases from operating rooms to ensure a safe working environment for healthcare staff.

9. Flow Meters:

  • They regulate the gas flow delivered to patients, ensuring they receive the appropriate amount.

10. Pressure Gauges:

  • These devices monitor the pressure of the gases in the system.

11. Medical Gas Cylinders:

  • Smaller cylinders are used for portable needs and emergencies. They often have integrated regulators and outlets suitable for the application, such as resuscitation or anesthetic administration.

This equipment works together to ensure that medical gases are safely, efficiently, and effectively supplied to various parts of a healthcare facility, contributing significantly to patient care and treatment outcomes.

DISS Medical Gas Outlets
Chemetron Medical Gas Outlets
Medical Air Flowmeter

The Benefits of Using Medical Gas Pipeline Equipment in Healthcare Settings

Medical gas pipeline systems are critical in healthcare settings due to their numerous advantages. Here are some of the key benefits:

1. Safety:

    • Medical gas pipeline systems help to reduce the risk of handling and storing large quantities of gas cylinders within the healthcare facility.

    • They feature specific connectors for each gas type, preventing potential accidents due to wrong gas administration.
    • Alarm systems alert staff to any gas pressure or supply issues, allowing for quick responses to potential problems.

2. Efficiency and Convenience:

    • They provide an uninterrupted supply of medical gases directly to patient areas, saving time and resources for manually replacing empty gas cylinders.
    • Monitoring the gas levels and usage is more manageable, facilitating better planning and resource allocation.

3. Cost-effectiveness:

    • Over time, pipeline systems can be more cost-effective than individual gas cylinders, as bulk purchase and storage of gases can reduce costs.
    • It reduces the operational costs related to transporting, storing, and handling multiple gas cylinders.

4. Space Utilization:

    • Pipeline systems eliminate the need for storing multiple gas cylinders in patient care areas, freeing up valuable space for patient care.  

5. Patient Comfort:

  • The pipeline system ensures a quieter environment, minimizing the noise associated with moving and changing gas cylinders.

6. Compliance with Standards:

  • Medical gas pipeline systems are designed and installed following strict standards and regulations, ensuring high-quality and safe patient care.

7. Environmental Considerations:

  • Pipeline systems can be more environmentally friendly than gas cylinders as they reduce the carbon footprint associated with transporting and disposing of used cylinders.

By integrating medical gas pipeline systems, healthcare facilities can improve patient care’s safety, efficiency, and quality. However, these systems require regular maintenance and testing to ensure their functionality and adherence to safety regulations.

How to Keep Your Medical Gas Pipeline System Up-to-Date & Compliant with Regulations

Maintaining your medical gas pipeline system up-to-date and compliant with regulations is crucial for patient safety and effective healthcare delivery. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do it:

1. Understand and Comply with Relevant Regulations:


  • Familiarize yourself with your country’s relevant regulations and standards for medical gas systems. In the U.S., these are primarily outlined by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) and The Joint Commission.
  • International standards such as ISO 7396 (Medical gas pipeline systems) are also relevant.

2. Regular Inspections and Preventative Maintenance:


  • Have your system inspected regularly by certified professionals. Including checking for leaks, testing alarms, and verifying the proper function of outlets, valves, and other equipment.
  • Establish a preventative maintenance schedule that includes cleaning and replacing parts as needed.

3. Keep Detailed Records:


  • Record all inspections, maintenance activities, and system modifications. These records may be needed for regulatory inspections and can help troubleshoot future issues.
  • Use a logbook to record any alarms and how they were resolved.

4. Proper Training:


  • Train staff who interact with the medical gas system. Staff should understand essential operations, how to respond to alarms, and whom to contact for repairs or emergencies.
  • Update training regularly and whenever new equipment is installed, or procedures are updated.

5. Regular System Updates:


  • Stay informed about new technologies and equipment upgrades that could enhance system safety or efficiency.
  • Work with certified professionals for any system modifications or upgrades to ensure they meet current standards.

6. Regular Audits:


  • Conduct internal audits periodically to ensure compliance with regulations.
  • Be prepared for external audits by regulatory bodies, which may require providing all necessary records and demonstrating staff competency.

7. Establish Emergency Protocols:


  • Plan to respond to emergencies such as gas leaks or supply failures.
  • Regularly review and practice these protocols with your staff.

Remember, the goal is to ensure the system delivers the correct medical gas safely and efficiently. While it requires an ongoing commitment, keeping your medical gas pipeline system up-to-date and compliant is crucial for patient safety and effective healthcare delivery.

Hyperbaric Chamber Service Box
Vertical Zone Valve Box
Sleep Lab Panels

What are the Key Considerations When Purchasing Medical Gas Pipe Systems & Components

Purchasing a medical gas pipeline system is a significant decision that affects the quality of patient care, the safety of healthcare environments, and the operational efficiency of healthcare facilities. Here are some key considerations when buying medical gas pipeline systems and components:


1. Compliance with Regulations and Standards:


    • The system should comply with relevant national and international standards. In the U.S., for example, it should meet NFPA (National Fire Protection Association) standards.

2. Quality of the Components:


    • The components should be robust and durable to withstand heavy usage.

    • Components such as gas outlets, valves, and alarms should be designed to ensure patient safety.

3. Future Expansion:


    • The system should be scalable and adaptable to meet future requirements; this is important if you plan to expand the healthcare facility or anticipate changes in demand for medical gases.

4. Ease of Installation and Maintenance:


    • Consider how easy installing the system and performing regular maintenance will be.
    • Think about the specific system’s availability of parts and technical support.

5. Training and Support:


  • The supplier should provide necessary training to staff on how to operate the system safely and efficiently.
  • Post-sales support, including timely maintenance and repairs, should be available.

6. Cost:


  • Consider both the initial cost and the long-term operating costs, including the cost of maintenance, repairs, and energy usage.

  • While the initial cost is a significant factor, the system’s reliability and performance can impact long-term costs and patient safety.

7. Vendor Reputation:


  • Consider the reputation of the manufacturer or supplier. Check their track record for quality, reliability, and customer service.

8. Sustainability:

  • Assess the system’s environmental impact, including energy usage and the system’s ability to minimize gas waste.

9. Technology and Innovation:

  • Look for systems that leverage advanced technology for improved safety, efficiency, and ease of use.

Remember, it’s crucial to involve various stakeholders in the decision-making process, including clinicians, biomedical engineers, and administrative staff, to ensure the chosen system meets your healthcare facility’s needs.


Who are the top medical gas pipeline equipment vendors?

  1. BeaconMedaes: Part of the Atlas Copco Group, BeaconMedaes is one of the world’s leading providers of medical gas pipeline products, services, and solutions. Their product range includes medical gas outlets, alarm systems, manifolds, and more.
  2. Amico Group of Companies: Amico designs, manufactures, and markets various medical gas pipeline products and systems, including outlets, alarm panels, manifolds, and source equipment.

  3. Ohio Medical: Ohio Medical provides a variety of medical gas pipeline equipment, including medical air systems, vacuum systems, outlets, manifolds, and alarm panels.

  4. Tri-Tech: Tri-Tech Medical, Inc. is a manufacturer of high-quality medical gas piping equipment. Founded in 1989, the company is based in Avon, Ohio, United States. It operates in the Hospital, Manufacturing, and Medical Device industries. The company has a long history of producing quality medical gas piping systems and is a member of the NFPA and MGPHO. Tri-Tech Medical is dedicated to offering cutting-edge medical gas piping solutions with unique characteristics. Their commitment to developing innovative medical gas systems has led to the creation of new products with features that provide value in terms of time savings, increased safety, and lower costs. The company is privately held and operates on a for-profit basis​1​.

Remember, when choosing a vendor, consider factors such as the quality of the equipment, the vendor’s track record in the industry, their customer service, and the availability of training and support.

Picture of About the Author

About the Author

Hello, I'm Ken Coffman, a member of the Engineering team at Tri-Tech Medical, Inc. Based in Avon, Ohio, I've forged a career steeped in a passion for technology, with a skill set as broad as it is deep. I hold several esteemed certifications, including CompTIA A+, Network+, Security+, and Linux+. Additionally, I am a Microsoft Certified Professional, a Microsoft Certified Systems Administrator, a Certified Ethical Hacker, and a Sage 100/300 Systems Administrator. Alongside these, I am also a VMware Technical Solutions Professional and have achieved various Microsoft Virtual Academy Accreditations, such as Core Solutions of Exchange Server, Exchange Cutover Migrations, Troubleshooting Windows, and Sysinternals for IT Pros. These accolades reflect my commitment to continual learning and mastering the complexities of IT systems administration.

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